Societies consist of mini-communities where people work actively for the well-being of themselves and those around them. Wherever this species lives, the sounds of care, do-it-yourself, machining, and cooking echo.
Because that’s what we humans are by nature, originally woody.
But paid work or trying does not come from genetic inheritance. They are ways of naming and organizing human work at a particular historical moment – worthy ways, but still only alternatives among others. Even in the most serious years of the modern world, they have covered only part of the human labor.
And now the work is looking for a new form again. One of the phenomena caused by this upheaval is self-employment. They have a small entrepreneur and a few employees, but also something completely different – and they already confuse our system of authority with their existence. The dilemma is about the same as placing a square block in a round or star-shaped hole.
Entrepreneurs point out that it is time for politicians to roll up their sleeves. As work changes, the related authority structures need to change.
Who is an entrepreneur?
For decades, Finnish working life has been built on the tension between employer-entrepreneur and employee. Of course, there has always been a shuttle service between these social partners as well, but they have not actually been noticed at the big tables. The sole proprietor has not had a chairman in tripartite negotiations, and they were not even recorded before the turn of the millennium.
When the Finnish welfare state was built, no one remembered the existence of a small entrepreneur. Or if memory, it didn’t care that much. It has now become clear that this group between wage earners and entrepreneurs was not a relic of history. They are a gradually growing force of change that is currently seeking its own voice.
In addition to the entrepreneurs mentioned above, entrepreneurs include, for example, entrepreneurs, freelancers and grant recipients, ie those who earn their living from outside their own work through their own work. There are men and women, young and old, highly educated and only educated at work. There are consultants, musicians, journalists, physiotherapists, hairdressers, masseurs, cleaners, carpenters, house builders, carpenters and truck drivers. There are sworn entrepreneurs and those who have chosen it only out of compulsion.
However, they are all united by a difficult-to-define labor market position.
An entrepreneur can sell his or her skills as a limited company or a limited company without labor. Another option is to act as a professional, in which case the business is conducted through a business name. Many freelancers sell their skills for a salary or a reward, and their position flows towards payroll. Puzzle work is common: the same person can have several simultaneous assignment relationships and simultaneously, for example, both gigs in an employment relationship and assignments made through a business name.
In the absence of a formal category, the classification of entrepreneurs is based on the respondent’s own declaration. In a survey published by Statistics Finland in 2014, one third of entrepreneurs worked in construction, transport and industry and a quarter in services. Other typical groups for entrepreneurs were the cultural sector and artisans (17%), Information Experts (15%) and Trade, Health and Information Experts (14%).
How to become self-employed?
The number of entrepreneurs seems to be growing. Underlying this is a change in the labor market that is crumbling the old order and forcing people to resort to forms of earnings that were previously avoided. While full-time and permanent employment relationships are still the mainstream of working life, the trend is shifting elsewhere.
The increase in entrepreneurship is essentially crystallized in the pricing of work. Purchasing a job as an assignment relieves the buyer of all employer obligations. In a fast-paced world, both companies and contractors are looking for solutions that enable project-specific and versatile work performance. As a result, a situation has arisen in which the person performing the work is in a very precarious negotiating position.
Most entrepreneurs would not want to do the same job in a paid employment relationship. This is despite the fact that their labor market position is very precarious and their livelihoods are often scarce. Some have ended up in this position because they value their independence more than a stable wage income. Others want to work in an industry where the self-employed are an established or even main form of work. Compared to most paid work, self-employment brings the freedom and power to decide for yourself how you spend your time and continue